Introduction: “Tribes are increasingly developing systems to provide advocates for tribal children. These children may be placed with non-birth parents in out of home placements, or they may be in home but require assistance to insure that their childhood needs are met. Generally this means that the parents or the placement has come to the attention of the either the tribes or a state’s social service system because of problems of neglect and/or abuse. This article suggests an approach to evaluating the needs of the children who enter the child protection system. In addition to an approach, the article will suggest a context for the evaluation that is culturally consistent with most tribal child rearing philosophies.”