Abstract: The Lakota (Teton Sioux) historical trauma response is a constellation of features associated with massive group trauma across generations, such as the 1890 Wounded Knee Massacre and the removal of children to federal boarding schools. Similar traits have been identified among Jewish Holocaust descendants. This article presents both quantitative and qualitative data on the experience of Lakota historical trauma among a coping segment of the population. The data supported the theory of a Lakota historical trauma response. Wakiksuyapi. those carrying the historical trauma, can transcend trauma through a collective survivor identity and a commitment to traditionally oriented values and healing.

Author: Yellow Horse Brave Heart, M.,
Date: 2000